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Am J Clin Pathol. 1975 Apr;63(4):483-92.

A case of hartmannellid amebic meningoencephalitis in Zambia.


A case of amebic meningoencephalitis recognized in an adult Zambian is described. This is the first authenticated case from Africa. The morphologic features of the organism, its ability to form cysts in tissue, and the granulomatous tissue response denote that the ameba is an hartmannellid rather than a Naegleria. Free-living amebas of the family Hartmannellidae have not been incriminated before as a cause of primary amebic meningoencephalitis in man. To our knowledge this is the only case where such an ameba was responsible for fulminating meningoencephalitis. The presence of the amebas in a cellulocutaneous abdominal lesion suggests hematogenous dissemination.

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