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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2000 Nov;64(11):2388-94.

Gordonan, an acidic polysaccharide with cell aggregation-inducing activity in insect BM-N4 cells, produced by Gordonia sp.

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Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, The University of Tokyo, Japan.


An acidic polysaccharide, termed gordonan, was isolated from the culture medium of Gordonia sp. as an inducer of cell aggregation in an insect cell line, BM-N4. Gordonan had an average molecular weight of 5 x 10(6) and its structure was identified as -->3)-4-O-(1-carboxyethyl)-beta-D-Manp-(1-->4)-beta-D-GlcAp-(1-->4)-beta-D-Glcp-(1--> mainly by acid hydrolysis experiments and NMR analysis. It induces cell aggregation at the concentration of 4 microg/ml. A partially hydrolyzed polysaccharide derived from gordonan with a molecular weight of 5 x 10(5) showed weak activity, while any fragment molecules with lower molecular weights prepared from gordonan showed no activity.

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