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J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2001 Jan;56(1):P60-3.

Embedding health-promoting changes into the daily lives of independent-living older adults: long-term follow-up of occupational therapy intervention.

Author information

1
Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA.

Abstract

The Well Elderly Study was a randomized trial in independent-living older adults that found significant health, function, and quality of life benefits attributable to a 9-month program in preventive occupational therapy (OT). All participants completing the trial were followed for an additional 6 months without further intervention and then reevaluated using the same battery of instruments. Long-term benefit attributable to preventive OT was found for the quality of interaction scale of the Functional Status Questionnaire and for six of eight scales on the RAND SF-36: physical functioning, role functioning, vitality, social functioning, role emotional, and general mental health (p<.05). Approximately 90% of the therapeutic gain observed following OT treatment was retained in follow-up. The finding of a sustained effect for preventive OT is of great public health relevance given the looming health care cost crisis associated with our nation's expanding elderly population.

PMID:
11192339
DOI:
10.1093/geronb/56.1.p60
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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