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Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova. 2000 Nov-Dec;50(6):899-912.

[Interrelated modification of excitatory and inhibitory synaptic connections in the olivary-cerebellar neuronal network].

[Article in Russian]

Author information

1
Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow.

Abstract

The model of simultaneous interrelated modification in the efficacy of synaptic inputs to different neurons of the olivary-cerebellar network is developed. The model is based on the following features of the network: simultaneous activation of the input layer (granule) cells and the output layer (deep cerebellar nuclei) cells by mossy fibers; simultaneous activation of Purkinje cells and cerebellar cells of the input and output layers by climbing fibers and their collaterals; the existence of local feedback excitatory, inhibitory, and disinhibitory circuits. The rise (decrease) of posttetanic Ca2+ concentration in reference to the level produced by previous stimulation causes the decrease (increase) in cGMP-dependent protein kinase G activity, and increase (decrease) inprotein phosphatase 1 activity. Subsequent dephosphorylation (phosphorylation) of ionotropic receptors results in simultaneous LTD (LTP) of the excitatory input together with the LTP (LTD) of the inhibitory input to the same neuron. The character of interrelated modifications of synapses at different cerebellar levels strongly depends on the olivary cell activity. In the presence (absence) of the signal from the inferior olive LTD (LTP) of the output cerebellar signal can be induced.

PMID:
11190089
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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