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Am J Public Health. 2001 Jan;91(1):99-104.

Socioeconomic inequality in voting participation and self-rated health.

Author information

1
Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, and Harvard Center for Society and Health, Boston, Mass., USA. tblakely@wnmeds.ac.nz

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study tested the hypothesis that disparities in political participation across socioeconomic status affect health. Specifically, the association of voting inequality at the state level with individual self-rated health was examined.

METHODS:

A multilevel study of 279,066 respondents to the Current Population Survey (CPS) was conducted. State-level inequality in voting turnout by socioeconomic status (family income and educational attainment) was derived from November CPS data for 1990, 1992, 1994, and 1996.

RESULTS:

Individuals living in the states with the highest voting inequality had an odds ratio of fair/poor self-rated health of 1.43 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.22, 1.68) compared with individuals living in the states with the lowest voting inequality. This odds ratio decreased to 1.34 (95% CI = 1.14, 1.56) when state income inequality was added and to 1.27 (95% CI = 1.10, 1.45) when state median income was included. The deleterious effect of low individual household income on self-rated health was most pronounced among states with the greatest voting and income inequality.

CONCLUSIONS:

Socioeconomic inequality in political participation (as measured by voter turnout) is associated with poor self-rated health, independently of both income inequality and state median household income.

PMID:
11189832
PMCID:
PMC1446487
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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