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Ostomy Wound Manage. 2000 Aug;46(8):18-27.

Simplifying modern wound management for nonprofessional caregivers.

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  • 1Grossmont Hospital-Sharp HeathCare, La Mesa, CA, 5555 Grossmont Center Drive, La Mesa, CA 91942, USA.


Nonprofessional caregivers currently are participating in managing pressure ulcers at home. As this can be a stressful experience, innovative and easy-to-use products are needed to support caregiver confidence. A multicenter, randomized clinical trial was conducted to compare clinical performance and case of instruction of a change indicator dressing (SIG) and a hydrocolloid alginate dressing (HAD) in the management of pressure ulcers in the home and long-term care settings. SIG and HAD were randomized to 17 and 18 partial- or full-thickness pressure ulcers respectively. During five dressing changes, wound area, dressing application, maintenance, appearance, removal, wear time, ease of teaching, and caregiver understanding of each dressing's instructions were measured. Both dressings were rated highly regarding ease of teaching, ease of use, appearance, maintenance, and helpfulness in signaling the need for dressing change by both professional and nonprofessional wound caregivers. Average dressing wear time was 3.2 days for SIG and 2.7 days for HAD. Of these wounds managed in a moist environment, 6 of 17 (35%) subjects whose wounds were dressed with SIG, and 1 of 18 (6%) dressed with HAD healed during the course of the study (alpha < 0.04). Percent wound reduction in area per day of care was also greater for SIG (alpha < 0.01). Innovative dressings may help caregivers provide consistent quality pressure ulcer care and improve wound-healing outcomes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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