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Leukemia. 2000 Dec;14(12):2295-306.

Long-term follow-up of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Tokyo Children's Cancer Study Group 1981-1995.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Ibaraki Children's Hospital, Mito, Japan.

Abstract

The objectives were as follows: Firstly, to estimate the overall probability of event-free survival (EFS) and isolated CNS relapse in the studies for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) during the 1980s and 1990s. Secondly, to report the EFS according to presenting features and lineage. Thirdly, to evaluate the treatment results re-classified by the risks of NCI criteria. Four consecutive protocol studies were performed in the Tokyo Children's Cancer Study Group: L81-10 protocol (1981-1984, 189 patients), L84-11 (1984-1989, 484 patents), L89-12 (1989-1992, 418 patients) and L92-13 (1992-1995, 347 patients). Overall EFS at 5 years in each protocol was 56.5 +/- 3.8(1 s.e.)%, 71.0 +/- 2.1%, 67.8 +/- 2.3%, and 63.4 +/- 2.7%, respectively. The cumulative isolated CNS relapse rate at 5 years was 8.1 +/- 2.1%, 3.5 +/- 0.9%, 3.6 +/- 1.0%, 1.0 +/- 0.6. The EFS in SR/HR (standard risk/high risk) according to the NCI criteria in B-precursor ALL at 5 years was 61.9 +/- 4.3%/41.4 +/- 7.4% (lineage was not confirmed.), 72.5 +/- 2.6%/63.4 +/- 5.0%, 77.4 +/- 2.7%/56.3 +/- 4.7%, and 67.8 +/- 3.4%/56.7 +/- 5.4% in each protocol. Also EFSs according to NCI SR/HR at 5 years of T-ALL in protocols L84-11, L89-12 and L92-13 were 55.6 +/- 16.6%/60.9 +/- 10.1%, 72.7 +/- 13.4%/51.6 +/- 9.1%, and 77.1 +/- 14.4%/53.6/10.1%, respectively. The truncation of maintenance therapy to 6 months resulted in a decreased EFS in L92-13, particularly due to an increase of bone marrow relapse after cessation of therapy in SR and HR. The NCI risk criteria work properly even in the patients treated by different intensities, so that it makes the comparison possible among the patients in various groups. The overall EFSs in childhood ALL improved in 1980s, but it seemed stable or decreased in 1990s. The short maintenance therapy resulted in poor outcome in SR on the L92-13 protocol. Many of these late relapsers were effectively rescued and overall survival remained at a high level. The proportion of patients who received cranial irradiation reduced without any increase of the CNS events.

PMID:
11187921
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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