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J Hum Genet. 2000;45(6):331-6.

Non-homologous recombination between Alu and LINE-1 repeats caused a 430-kb deletion in the dystrophin gene: a novel source of genomic instability.

Author information

1
Division of Genetics, International Center for Medical Research, Kobe University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

Although large deletions in the dystrophin gene have been identified in more than two-thirds of Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy patients, the molecular mechanisms that lead to the generation of these deletions are largely unknown. Here, Alu and LINE-1 (L1) repetitive elements were shown to be present at one or other of the two ends, respectively, of a 430-kb deletion in the dystrophin gene. The breakpoint of the deletion, which stretches from exons 2 to 7, was defined more precisely by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) walking on introns 1 and 7. Finally, the region containing the breakpoint was amplified as a fragment of more than 10kb. Sequencing of the deletion endpoint revealed the presence of an Alu sequence in intron 1, 25 kb downstream from the 3' end of exon 1 that was joined directly to an L1 sequence in intron 7, 4.5kb downstream from the 3' end of exon 7. The deletion was calculated to be 430kb. To our knowledge, this is a novel recombination event joining non-homologous Alu and L1 repeats, and is the largest known intrachromosomal deletion that is thought to involve repetitive genetic elements. Sequence characteristics around the breakpoint are discussed.

PMID:
11185740
DOI:
10.1007/s100380070003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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