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Vet Microbiol. 2001 Feb 26;78(4):293-305.

Induction of immune responses in cattle with a DNA vaccine encoding glycoprotein C of bovine herpesvirus-1.

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National Biotechnology Center, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, 243 122, Izatnagar, India.


A DNA vaccine expressing glycoprotein C (gC) of bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1) was evaluated for inducing immunity in bovines. The plasmid encoding gC of BHV-1 was injected six times intramuscularly or intradermally into calves at monthly intervals. After immunization by both routes neutralizing antibody and lymphoproliferative responses developed. The responses in the intradermally immunized calves were better than those in calves immunized intramuscularly. However, the intradermal (i.d.) route was found to be less efficacious when protection against BHV-1 challenge was compared. Following intranasal BHV-1 challenge, all immunized calves demonstrated a rise in IgG antibody titre on day 3, indicating an anamnestic response. The control non-immunized calf developed a neutralizing antibody response on day 7 post-challenge. The immunized calves showed a slight rise in temperature and mild clinical symptoms after challenge. The intramuscularly immunized calves showed earlier clearance of challenge virus compared with intradermally immunized calves. These results indicate that DNA immunization with gC could induce neutralizing antibody and lymphoproliferative responses with BHV-1 responsive memory B cells in bovines. However, the immunity developed was not sufficient to protect calves completely from BHV-1 challenge.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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