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Glycobiology. 2001 Jan;11(1):99-103.

A novel missense mutation in lysosomal sulfamidase is the basis of MPS III A in a spontaneous mouse mutant.

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Department of Cell Biology, Albert Einstein College Medicine, New York, NY 10461, USA.


Sanfilippo syndrome type III A (Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) III A) is a rare, autosomal recessive, lysosomal storage disease, characterized by the accumulation of heparan sulfate and the loss of function of lysosomal heparan N-sulfatase activity. The disease leads to devastating mental and physical consequences and a mouse model that can be used to explore gene therapy and enzyme or cell replacement therapies is needed. We have previously identified a mouse with low sulfamidase activity and symptoms and pathologies typical of MPS III A (Bhaumik, M., Muller, V. J., Rozaklis, T., Johnson, L., Dobrenis, K., Bhattacharyya, R., Wurzelmann, S., Finamore, P., Hopwood, J. J., Walkley, S. U., and Stanley, P. [1999] A mouse model for mucopolysaccharidosis type III A (Sanfilippo syndrome). Glycobiology 9, 1389--1396). We now show that the sulfamidase gene of the MPS III A mouse carries a novel mutation (G91A) that gives an amino acid change (D31N) likely to interfere with the coordination of a divalent metal ion in the active site of this sulfatase. This spontaneous mouse mutant is an excellent model for MPS III A in humans as this disease often arises due to a missense mutation in lysosomal sulfamidase.

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