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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Feb 23;281(2):361-6.

Interleukin-18 up-regulates osteoprotegerin expression in stromal/osteoblastic cells.

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1
Department of Pathology, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan.

Abstract

Osteoprotegerin (OPG) and osteoclast differentiation factor (ODF) are crucial regulators of osteoclastogenesis. To determine the biological role of interleukin (IL)-18 produced by stromal/osteoblastic cells in osteoclastogenesis, we examined the effects of IL-18 on the OPG and ODF mRNA levels in these cells. When bone marrow stromal ST2 cells, osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells, and mouse calvarial osteoblasts were stimulated with IL-18, the expression of OPG mRNA, but not ODF mRNA, was transiently increased, its expression reaching a maximal level at 3 h after the beginning of the culture. In accordance with this observation, all these cells expressed the mRNAs of two IL-18 receptor components and MyD88, an adapter molecule involved in IL-18 signaling. Moreover, in these cells, mitogen-activated protein kinase was phosphorylated after stimulation with IL-18. These results suggest that stromal/osteoblastic cells are IL-18-responsive cells and that IL-18 may inhibit osteoclastogenesis by up-regulating OPG expression, without stimulation of ODF production, in stromal/osteoblastic cells.

PMID:
11181055
DOI:
10.1006/bbrc.2001.4380
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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