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Genet Epidemiol. 2001 Feb;20(2):239-46.

Involvement of BRCA1 and BRCA2 in breast cancer in a western Finnish sub-population.

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  • 1Department of Medical Genetics, Haartman Institute, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

To date, two major familial breast cancer predisposition genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2, have been identified with hundreds of germ-line mutations, accounting for 5--10% of all breast cancer and 40--60% of all inherited breast cancer. Unexpectedly elevated incidence of breast cancer, especially in the older age classes, was observed in a Western Finnish region representing a relatively homogeneous population. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that there are inherited BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations, which confer variable and/or age-dependent penetrance on carriers. Expecting a founder effect, we searched for geographical clustering of breast cancer cases and searched for associations between the affected phenotype and shared genomic segments in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genomic regions. Our haplotype association study did not reveal any founder effects for either BRCA1 or BRCA2. However, there were two mutations prevalent in this geographical area with minor founder effects, BRCA2 T8555G and 999del5. This is one of the few geographically ascertained, population-based studies that indicate an overall frequency of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations at about 2--3% in all breast cancer cases. The geographical clustering of breast cancer cases was not explained by BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes.

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