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J Cell Biochem. 2001;81(1):184-92.

Localized activation of m-calpain in migrating human umbilical vein endothelial cells stimulated by shear stress.

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Department of Surgery II, Osaka University Medical School, 2-2 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565, Japan.


Using a parallel-plate flow-chamber and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), we studied the mode of cytoskeletal reorganization in migrating HUVECs stimulated by shear stress. Activation of m-calpain associated with a change in the spatial distribution of cytoplasmic ionized Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](i)) was studied. Shear stress (10 dyne/cm(2)) caused migration and decrease in the F-actin content of HUVECs. Migrating individual HUVECs showed the lamellipodium formed in the direction of cell migration, in which [Ca2+](i) elevated to 148 +/- 12 nM in a localized fashion. We found the appearance of activated m-calpain in the local area of the migrating HUVECs, which was associated with a decrease in the amounts of pp125FAK and ezrin. The localized rise in [Ca2+](i) might be closely related to morphological change to regulate the direction of cell migration induced by shear stress through localized activation of m-calpain.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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