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Eur J Immunol. 2001 Feb;31(2):333-44.

IL-4 and IL-13 regulate the induction of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase activity and the control of Toxoplasma gondii replication in human fibroblasts activated with IFN-gamma.

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Department of Biochemistry and Immunology, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.


The ability of up-regulatory [recombinant (r) IFN-gamma, rIFN-beta and rTNF-alpha] and down-regulatory (rIL-4, rIL-10 and rIL-13) cytokines to control the expression of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (INDO) and anti-Toxoplasma activity in the human fibrosarcoma cell line 2C4 was evaluated. Activation of fibroblasts with rIFN-gamma, rIFN-beta and rTNF-alpha resulted in augmentation of INDO expression and activity leading to 40.0, 25.0 and 27.0 % inhibition of tachyzoite growth, respectively. An additive effect was observed when host cells were incubated with rIFN-gamma plus rTNF-alpha. With regard to the down-regulatory cytokines we observed that IL-4 as well as IL-13, but not IL-10, induced significant inhibition of IFN-gamma-induced control of parasite replication, INDO mRNA expression and tryptophan catabolism. Similarly, IL-4 but not IL-10 inhibited the cell surface expression of HLA-DR and CD2 induced by IFN-gamma. Consistent with these findings we were able to detect by reverse transcription-PCR the expression of mRNA for different chains of IL-4 and IL-13 receptors (IL-4Ralpha, IL-13Ralpha1 and IL-13Ralpha2) but not for IL-10 receptor in the 2C4 and other human lung fibroblast cell lines (LL24 and MRC5). Together our results indicate that IL-4 and IL-13, but not IL-10, are implicated in the negative regulation of IFN-gamma-induced anti-Toxoplasma activity in human cells from fibroblast lineage.

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