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Plast Reconstr Surg. 2001 Jan;107(1):240-2.

Management of gynecomastia due to use of anabolic steroids in bodybuilders.

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University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, USA.


Use of anabolic steroids is one of many possible causes for gynecomastia. Optimal surgical treatment for this entity involves a combination of liposuction and direct excision. A series of 20 patients treated for anabolic steroid-induced gynecomastia presented. Postoperative complications included two hematomas, one seroma (bilateral), and three recurrences. Recurrence may be related hormonally active retained subareolar tissue.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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