Send to

Choose Destination
Ann Surg. 2001 Feb;233(2):183-8.

Clinicopathologic association of cyclooxygenase 1 and cyclooxygenase 2 expression in gastric adenocarcinoma.

Author information

Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.



To evaluate the association of clinicopathologic factors and prognostic value with the expression of cyclooxygenase 1 and 2 in patients with gastric adenocarcinoma.


Epidemiologic studies have indicated that nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs reduce the risk of colon cancer by as much as 40% and also decrease the risk of gastric cancer. Recently, gastric cancer was found to express constitutive cyclooxygenase 1 and inducible cyclooxygenase 2 isoenzymes. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatories, which may function as cyclooxygenase inhibitors, inhibited the growth of gastric cancer cells. These two isoenzymes' expressions associated with traditional clinicopathologic factors have not been fully evaluated, and their prognostic value for determining survival in patients remains to be clarified.


Seventy-one specimens resected from patients with gastric adenocarcinoma were investigated by immunohistochemical stain against cyclooxygenase 1 and 2. The 71 specimens were divided into stain-positive and stain-negative groups. Correlations between cyclooxygenase 1 and 2 expression, various clinicopathologic factors (including vascular invasion and Helicobacter pylori infection), and prognosis were studied.


The cyclooxygenase 2-positive group was significantly correlated with vascular invasion and H. pylori infection by univariate and multivariate analysis. In patients with cyclooxygenase 2-positive cancer, the prognosis was significantly poorer than in those with cyclooxygenase 2-negative cancer. However, multivariate analysis showed that vascular invasion, serosal invasion, and lymph node metastasis were independent prognostic factors for patients with gastric cancer, but cyclooxygenase 2 expression was not. There was no significant correlation between cyclooxygenase 1 expression and clinicopathologic factors and prognosis.


Upregulated cyclooxygenase 2 expression was associated with H. pylori infection in gastric cancer and was also strongly correlated with positive vascular invasion, which was an independent prognostic factor for poorer survival in this study. The usefulness of cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitors in the prevention or treatment of gastric cancer remains undetermined but deserves further investigation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center