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Ann Diagn Pathol. 2001 Feb;5(1):10-4.

Immunohistochemical analysis of anaplastic lymphoma kinase expression in deep soft tissue calcifying fibrous pseudotumor: evidence of a late sclerosing stage of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor?

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Department of Anatomic Pathology, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.


Calcifying fibrous pseudotumor (CFT) is a rare benign soft tissue lesion composed of dense hyalinized fibrous tissue containing bland spindle-shaped cells admixed with a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate and foci of dystrophic and often psammomatous calcifications. It has been suggested that CFT represents a late sclerosing stage of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT). Recently, clonal cytogenetic abnormalities involving the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene on chromosome 2p have been identified in IMT, particularly those arising in deep soft tissue sites. We evaluated seven cases of deep soft tissue CFT diagnosed at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation and the University of Florida with available paraffin-embedded blocks using a monoclonal antibody to ALK (Dako, Carpenteria, CA) and a modified avidin-biotin complex method. The cohort included six women and one man with a median age at diagnosis of 43 years (range, 26 to 67 years). Sites of CFT included mesentery (3), peritoneum (1), omentum (1), serosa of small bowel (1), and anterior mediastinum (1). Immunohistochemically, only one case showed focal staining for ALK. The remaining six cases were negative, with appropriate positive and negative control staining. In conclusion, unlike IMT, CFT in deep soft tissue locations rarely expresses ALK by immunohistochemistry, suggesting that CFT is a different clinicopathologic entity than IMT, as opposed to representing a "burned out" IMT. Ann Diagn Pathol 5:10-14, 2001.

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