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Ann Diagn Pathol. 2001 Feb;5(1):1-9.

Acute respiratory distress syndrome and blastomycosis: presentation of nine cases and review of the literature.

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Department of Pathology, Cytology Service, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA.


Mississippi has the highest prevalence of blastomycosis in the country. In 20 years and 5 months there were 123 patients treated for blastomycosis at the University of Mississippi Medical Center. Among these, 107 patients had lung involvement and nine patients (8.4%) developed acute respiratory distress syndrome. Seven of the nine patients (78%) died of respiratory failure. In six patients, the lungs were the only organs involved. The three other patients had involvement of other organs as well. Average survival after the onset of acute respiratory distress syndrome was 6.9 days (range, 2 to 17 days). Acute respiratory distress syndrome can be triggered by pulmonary infections caused by bacterial diseases and other fungi. Massive proliferation of yeasts in the pulmonary parenchyma is the typical finding of patients with blastomycosis and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Underlying diseases that lead to immunodepression were present in only one patient and probable partial immunodepression was present in two other patients. Data from 19 other cases reported in the literature are discussed. Ann Diagn Pathol 5:1-9, 2001.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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