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Comparative effects of amylin and cholecystokinin on food intake and gastric emptying in rats.

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Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Omaha 68105, USA.


CCK is a physiological inhibitor of gastric emptying and food intake. The pancreatic peptide amylin exerts similar actions, yet its physiological importance is uncertain. Objectives were to compare the dose-dependent effects of intravenous infusion of amylin and CCK-8 on gastric emptying and food intake in rats, and to assess whether physiological doses of amylin are effective. Amylin and CCK-8 inhibited gastric emptying with mean effective doses (ED(50)s) of 3 and 35 pmol x kg(-1) x min(-1) and maximal inhibitions of 60 and 65%, respectively. Amylin and CCK-8 inhibited food intake with ED(50)s of 8 and 14 pmol x kg(-1) x min(-1) and maximal inhibitions of 78 and 69%, respectively. The minimal effective amylin dose for each effect was 1 pmol x kg(-1) x min(-1). Our previous work suggests that this dose increases plasma amylin by an amount comparable to that produced by a meal. These results support the hypothesis that amylin acts as a hormonal signal to the brain to inhibit gastric emptying and food intake and that amylin produces satiety in part through inhibition of gastric emptying.

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