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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2001 Mar;280(3):C628-36.

Regulation of the human sodium-phosphate cotransporter NaP(i)-IIb gene promoter by epidermal growth factor.

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  • 1Departments of Pediatrics and Physiology, Steele Memorial Children's Research Center, University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, Tucson, Arizona 85724, USA.


The intestinal sodium-phosphate cotransporter (NaP(i)-IIb) plays a major role in intestinal P(i) absorption. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) is involved in the regulation of P(i) homeostasis. However, the role of EGF in intestinal NaP(i)-IIb regulation is not clear. The current studies showed that EGF decreased NaP(i)-IIb mRNA abundance by 40-50% in both rat intestine and Caco-2 cells. To understand the mechanism of this regulation, we cloned the human NaP(i)-IIb gene and promoter region and studied the effect of EGF on NaP(i)-IIb gene transcription. The human NaP(i)-IIb gene has 12 exons and 11 introns. Two transcription initiation sites were identified by primer extension. Additionally, 2.8 kb of the 5'-flanking region of the gene was characterized as a functional promoter in human intestinal (Caco-2) and human lung (A549) cells. Additional studies showed that EGF inhibited promoter activity by 40-50% in Caco-2 cells and that actinomycin D treatment abolished this inhibition. EGF had no effect on promoter activity in lung (A549) cells. We conclude that the human NaP(i)-IIb gene promoter is functional in Caco-2 and A549 cells and that the gene is responsive to EGF by a transcriptionally mediated mechanism in intestinal cells.

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