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J Infect Dis. 2001 Feb 15;183(4):640-7. Epub 2001 Jan 24.

Efficacy of recombinant circumsporozoite protein vaccine regimens against experimental Plasmodium falciparum malaria.

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Dept. of Immunology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Ave., Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA.


After initial successful evaluation of the circumsporozoite-based vaccine RTS,S/SBAS2, developed by SmithKline Beecham Biologicals with the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, protective efficacy of several regimens against Plasmodium falciparum challenge was determined. A controlled phase 1/2a study evaluated 1 or 2 standard doses of RTS,S/SBAS2 in 2 groups whose members received open-label therapy and 3 immunizations in blinded groups who received standard, one-half, or one-fifth doses. RTS,S/SBAS2 was safe and immunogenic in all groups. Of the 41 vaccinees and 23 control subjects who underwent sporozoite challenge, malaria developed in 7 of 10 who received 1 dose, in 7 of 14 who received 2 doses, in 3 of 6 who received 3 standard doses, in 3 of 7 who received 3 one-half doses, in 3 of 4 who received 3 one-fifth doses, and in 22 of 23 control subjects. Overall protective efficacy of RTS,S/SBAS2 was 41% (95% confidence interval, 22%-56%; P=.0006). This and previous studies have shown that 2 or 3 doses of RTS,S/SBAS2 protect against challenge with P. falciparum sporozoites.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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