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Res Vet Sci. 2001 Feb;70(1):27-32.

Suppression of tumourigenicity, and induction of differentiation of the canine mammary tumour cell line MCM-B2 by sodium phenylacetate.

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Department of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture, Miyazaki University, 889-2155, Miyazaki, Japan.


The authors evaluated the cell growth inhibition, reduction of tumourigenicity, and differentiation-inducing effects of sodium phenylacetate (NaPA) on a canine mammary tumour cell line. Treatment of the canine mammary tumour cell line (MCM-B2) with NaPA lead to the arrest of cell growth. Sodium phenylacetate induced changes in the cells to non-malignant characteristics, as indicated by a reduction of colony formation in semi-solid agar and a decrease in tumour formation in athymic mice. Moreover, NaPA induced morphological changes from a spindle-shaped to an epithelial-like appearance, and significant accumulation of lipid droplets in the cytoplasm. Immunohistochemically, these treated cells reacted clearly with the antibody for keratin/cytokeratin. Sodium phenylacetate treatment increased the expression of the milk-specific genes alpha-lactalbumin and beta-casein. The results of this study warrant an evaluation of NaPA in a clinical trial to establish its possible value as adjunctive treatment of malignant canine mammary tumours.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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