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J Med Chem. 2001 Jan 18;44(2):208-14.

Nucleosides and nucleotides. 200. Reinvestigation of 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine derivatives: structure-activity relationships for P(3) purinoceptor-like proteins.

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Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Kita-12, Nishi-6, Kita-ku, Sapporo 060-0812, Japan.


The non-P(1) and non-P(2) muscle relaxant effect of ATP in rabbit thoracic aorta has recently been attributed to a putative P(3) purinoceptor, which is activated by either adenosine or ATP. Since the physiological roles of this putative P(3) purinoceptor and of a new [(3)H]-5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA)-binding protein from rat brain membranes called P(3) purinoceptor-like protein (P(3)LP), due to its ligand specificity, have not been fully elucidated, we needed a specific ligand to obtain further information about the receptor. We examined the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of various 5'-N-substituted-carboxamidoadenosine derivatives toward P(3)LP and discovered a hydrophobic binding region near the 5'-N-substituted-carboxamide group. From the linear alkyl N-substituted derivatives, the N-n-pentyl derivative 10 was found to be the most potent ligand with a K(i) value of 12 nM. In the series of the N-cycloalkyl derivatives, the N-cyclohexyl derivative 27 was the strongest ligand with a K(i) value of 18 nM. On the other hand, the N-substituents having branched alkyl side chains and bulky cycloalkyl groups did not show any potent affinities for P(3)LP. Therefore, the hydrophobic pocket accommodates approximately a 10-carbon-atom-long linear alkyl side chain, while a considerably stronger hydrophobic binding region of about a 5-carbon-atom-long depth exists near the nitrogen atom of the amide group. This pocket also allows substitution with bulky hydrophobic groups since the 5'-N-cycloalkyl derivatives have high affinities. We also examined the receptor selectivity for the selected nucleosides 10 and 27 with 1 [9-(6,7-dideoxy-beta-D-allo-hept-5-ynofuranosyl)adenine, HAK2701] and NECA versus P(1) purinoceptor subtypes, such as adenosine A(1), A(2A), A(2B), and A(3) receptors, and found that 27 is the most selective ligand for P(3)LP.

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