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Inorg Chem. 2001 Jan 15;40(2):384-8.

Tetraaza analogues of lithium and sodium alums: synthesis and X-ray structures of the single strand polymer [Li(THF)2(Al[SO2(NtBu)2]2)] infinity and the contact ion pairs [Na(15-crown-5)][Al(SO2(NtBu)2)2] and ([Na(15-crown-5)][O2S(mu-NBn)2Al(mu-NBnSO2NBn)])2.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Calgary Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4, Canada.


The reaction of an alkali metal aluminohydride MAlH4 (M = Li, Na) with N,N'-bis-(tert-butyl)sulfamide or N,N'-bis-(benzyl)sulfamide in THF produces the complex ions (Al[SO2(NR)2]2)- (R = tBu, Bn). The X-ray structures of [Li(THF)2(Al[SO2(NtBu)2]2)] infinity (1), [Na(15-crown-5)][Al(SO2(NtBu)2)2], (2) and ([Na(15-crown-5)][O2S(mu-NBn)2Al(mu-NBnSO2NBn)])2 (3.3THF) are reported. The two diazasulfate ligands [SO2(NtBu)2]2- are N,N' chelated to Al3+ in both 1 and 2. In the lithium derivative 1 the spirocyclic (Al[SO2(NtBu)2]2)- anions are bridged by the bis-solvated cations Li(THF)2+ to give a polymeric strand. In the sodium salt 2 the complex anion is O,O' chelated to Na+, which is further encapsulated by a 15-crown-5 ligand to give a monomeric ion-pair complex. By contrast, the benzyl derivative 3 forms a dimer in which the terminal [SO2(NBn)2]2- ligands are (N,N'),(O,O') bis-chelated to Al3+ and Na+, respectively, and the bridging ligands adopt a novel N,O-chelate, N'-monodentate bonding mode. The central core of 3 consists of two four-membered AlOSN rings bridged by two NtBu groups. Crystal data: 1, orthorhombic, Pna2(1), a = 20.159(5) degrees, b = 10.354(3) degrees, c = 15.833(4) degrees, alpha = beta = gamma = 90 degrees, V = 3304.7(15) A3, Z = 4; 2, monoclinic, P2(1)/n, a = 16.031(2) A, b = 9.907(2) A, c = 23.963(4) A, beta = 103.326(2) degrees, Z = 4; 3, triclinic, P1, a = 12.7237(11) A, b = 14.0108(13) A, c = 16.2050(14) A, alpha = 110.351(2) degrees, beta = 111.538(2) degrees, gamma = 97.350(2) degrees, Z = 1.

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