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J Neurosci Res. 2001 Jan 1;63(1):45-53.

p21(ras) stimulates pathways in addition to ERK, p38, and Akt to induce elongation of neurites in PC12 cells.

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1
Department of Neuroscience, 4068 Graves Hall, College of Medicine and Public Health, The Ohio State University, 333 West Tenth Ave., Columbus, OH 43210. burry.1@osu.edu

Abstract

Initiation and elongation of neurites in PC12 cells has been shown to be stimulated by nerve growth factor (NGF). Initiation of NGF-stimulated neurites in a PC12 subclone (PC12-N09) is rapid, giving rise to short neurites that do not elongate after 1 day. To determine whether increasing activation of p21(ras) could restore neurite elongation in these cells and whether it would affect the phosphorylation of signaling proteins, the subclone PC12-N09 was transfected with constitutively active p21(ras61L) (PC12-N09ras61L) and neurite outgrowth with or without NGF was determined. Overexpression of wild-type p21(ras) (PC12-N09rasWT) did not lead to spontaneous neurite initiation but restored the ability of NGF to stimulate continuous neurite elongation. However, NGF-stimulated phosphorylation of ERK, p38, and Akt in PC12-N09rasWT cells is similar in duration to that in PC12-N09 cells, indicating that the p21(ras) signaling through ERK, p38, and Akt was not involved in the restoration of normal neurite elongation in PC12-N09 cells. These results show that p21(ras)-activated pathways other than ERK, p38, and Akt are necessary for appropriate NGF-stimulated neurite elongation in PC12 cells.

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