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Plant J. 2001 Jan;25(2):127-35.

Heterologous complementation of yeast reveals a new putative function for chloroplast m-type thioredoxin.

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Institut de Biotechnologie des Plantes, Université Paris-Sud, UMR CNRS 8618, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France.


In the chloroplast of higher plants, two types of thioredoxins (TRX), namely TRX m which shows high similarity to prokaryotic thioredoxins and TRX f which is more closely related to eukaryotic thioredoxins, have been found and biochemically characterized, but little is known about their physiological specificity with respect to their target(s). Here, we tested, in vivo, the ability of organelle-specific TRX from Arabidopsis thaliana to compensate for TRX deficiency of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant strain. Seven plant organellar TRX (four of the m type, two of the f type and a newly discovered TRX x of prokaryotic type) were expressed in yeast in a putative mature form. None of these heterologous TRX were able to restore growth on sulphate or methionine sulphoxide of the mutant cells. When we tested their ability to rescue the oxidant-hypersensitive phenotype of the TRX-deficient strain, we found that TRX m and TRX x, but not TRX f, affected the tolerance to oxidative stress induced by either hydrogen peroxide or an alkyl hydroperoxide. Athm1, Athm2, Athm4 and Athx induced hydrogen peroxide tolerance like the endogenous yeast thioredoxins. Unexpectedly, Athm3 had a hypersensitizing effect towards oxidative stress. The presence of functional heterologous TRX was checked in the recombinant clones tested, supporting distinct abilities for organelle-specific plant TRX to compensate for TRX deficiency in yeast. We propose a new function for the prokaryotic-type chloroplastic TRX as an anti-oxidant and provide in vivo evidence for different roles of chloroplastic TRX isoforms.

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