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Liver. 2000 Dec;20(6):465-74.

Lipopolysaccharide-induced cytokine and receptor expression and neutrophil infiltration in the liver of osteopetrosis (op/op) mutant mice.

Author information

1
Second Department of Pathology, Niigata University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

Mice homozygous for the osteopetrosis (op) mutation are genetically deficient in macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF/CSF-1) and are characterized by defective differentiation and function of macrophages. The aim of this study is to assess the contribution of M-CSF to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cytokine expression and neutrophil infiltration in the liver.

METHODS:

We investigated the effects of LPS administration in M-CSF-deficient op/op mutant mice. The expression of cytokines and receptors in the liver was studied by immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR. Neutrophil infiltration in the liver was also examined.

RESULTS:

After LPS administration, cytokine production and expression of LPS receptors, such as CD14 and scavenger receptor class A (MSR-A), were induced at lower levels in op/op mice than those in littermate mice. Neutrophil infiltration in the liver of op/op mice did not differ significantly from that of littermate mice. Anti-IL-8 receptor homologue and anti-C5a receptor antibody reduced the number of infiltrating neutrophils.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings indicate that deficient macrophage activation following LPS injection in op/op mice is associated with decreased expression of CD14 and MSR-A in the liver. Thus, M-CSF plays a critical role in LPS-induced macrophage activation but does not exert a dominant role in neutrophil infiltration in the liver.

PMID:
11169061
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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