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J Pept Res. 2001 Jan;57(1):39-47.

NMR and CD conformational studies of the C-terminal 16-peptides of Pseudomonas aeruginosa c551 and Hydrogenobacter thermophilus c552 cytochromes.

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Institute of Biology, NCSR Demokritos, Agia Paraskevi, Greece.


The 16-amino acid sequences of the C-terminal helices of the homologous bacterial cytochromes c551 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa and C552 from Hydrogenobacter thermophilus were synthesized and their solution structure studied. Circular dichroism and NMR experiments in aqueous solution have shown the presence of alpha-helices and 3(10)-helices. The populations of helical structures in phosphate buffer, pH 3.5, 293 K, were 21% for c551 and 20% for c552, but increased to 56.7 and 48%, respectively, in 50% aqueous 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol. An isodichroic point was observed at 203 nm in CD spectra for the helix/coil transition in mixtures of water/2,2,2-trifluoroethanol. NMR spectra in phosphate buffer show the presence of both alpha- and 3(10)-helical structures. In water/2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (50:50) alpha-helices are predominant. CD temperature-dependency studies indicate that both peptides exhibit the same cooperativity for the transition in water/2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (50:50). The experimental data show that the amino acid substitutions do not favor heat resistance of the secondary structure of the c552 C-terminal helix at the local level. Instead, they optimize nonlocal contacts of the polypeptide chain, which stabilize the tertiary structure in the native protein.

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