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Clin Oral Implants Res. 2001 Feb;12(1):35-45.

Long-term evaluation of osseointegrated implants inserted at the time or after vertical ridge augmentation. A retrospective study on 123 implants with 1-5 year follow-up.

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School of Dentistry, Department of Periodontology, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.


The purpose of the present study was to evaluate retrospectively, after 1 to 5 years of prosthetic loading, 123 implants consecutively inserted at the time of vertical ridge augmentation in 4 clinics. At the time of the implant surgery, 3 different techniques were used: the implants were allowed to protrude 2 to 7 mm from the bone level and a titanium reinforced expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene (e-PTFE) membrane was positioned to protect either the blood clot (Group A, 6 patients), or an allograft (Group B, 11 patients), or an autograft (Group C, 32 patients). The annual implant evaluation was carried out according to a standard protocol utilized for long term studies with endosseous implants inserted in non-regenerated bone. Only 1 implant failed immediately after the second stage surgery and after 1 month it was substituted with a new implant. All the remaining implants appeared clinically stable, no signs of radiolucency were present at the bone-implant interface, therefore, they could be defined successfully osseointegrated. The radiographic analysis showed stable bone crest levels with a mean bone loss of 1.35 mm for the Group A, of 1.87 mm for the Group B and of 1.71 for the Group C during the period of observation. Only 2 implants demonstrated an increased crestal bone loss of 3.5 mm and 4 mm respectively at the first year examination. On the base of these results, we can confirm previous long term studies on regenerated bone and we can conclude that vertically augmented bone with GBR techniques responds to implant placement like native, non-regenerated bone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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