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Br J Haematol. 2001 Feb;112(2):438-48.

Hepatocyte growth factor is secreted by osteoblasts and cooperatively permits the survival of haematopoietic progenitors.

Author information

1
Department of Periodontics, Prevention and Geriatrics, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. rtaich@umich.edu

Abstract

Human osteoblasts (HOBs) support the growth of human haematopoietic progenitor cells, and support the survival and limited expansion of long-term culture-initiating cells. Using human CD34+ cells and the murine myelomonocytic cell line NFS-60 as targets, we previously found that one component of HOB-derived haematopoietic activity is cell-associated granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). However, antibody failed to neutralize all the activity, suggesting that more than one factor supports haematopoietic cells. In the present investigations, we asked whether the HOB-derived, non-G-CSF secreted activity was as a result of other known growth factors. We found that, among the cytokines expressed by HOBs, only hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and G-CSF stimulated NFS-60 cell proliferation. HOB cells and osteosarcoma cells secreted biologically active HGF, although the levels varied considerably. Moreover, addition of neutralizing HGF antibody to CD34+ cell/HOB co-cultures resulted in a significant reduction ( approximately 50%) in the ability of the HOBs to support haematopoietic progenitor cells. These results suggest that a major component of osteoblast-derived haematopoietic activity is HGF. Secretion of HGF, in concert with cell-associated cytokines such as G-CSF, may account for the stem cell-stimulating activities of osteogenic cells and, thereby, the unique stem cell-supporting role of the osteoblasts within the bone marrow microenvironment.

PMID:
11167845
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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