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Br J Haematol. 2001 Jan;112(1):167-74.

Multicolour spectral karyotyping identifies new translocations and a recurring pathway for chromosome loss in multiple myeloma.

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Myeloma and Transplantation Research Center, Arkansas Cancer Research Center, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, USA.


Multicolour spectral karyotyping (SKY) was performed on primary tumour specimens from 100 patients with multiple myeloma (MM) that showed complex clonal chromosome aberrations not fully characterized by G-banding. In this study, SKY was able to identify or revise translocations with breakpoints involving 14q32, 11q13 or 8q24 in 32 patients (32%). Five new recurring translocations were identified, two of which involved chromosome 22. A subtle reciprocal translocation t(14;22) (q32;q11 approximately 12) was identified using SKY in two patients and a second, much larger, translocation t(11;22)(q13;q13) was identified using G-banding in three patients. A third new translocation was identified in two patients using SKY and G-banding as der(7)t(7;7)(p15 approximately 22;q22 approximately 32). Twenty-three patients (23%) showed the loss of 8p by whole-arm translocations with different whole-arm donor chromosomes. Among this group, two new recurring whole-arm translocations involving the centromeric breakpoint 8q10 were identified as der(8;20)(q10;q10) and der(8;18) (q10;q10) in three patients each. In addition, a novel pattern of three-way translocations involving the clonal evolution of the t(8;22)(q24;q11) by the subsequent loss of 8p by whole-arm translocations was found in three patients. The chromosome instability identified here demonstrates that the loss of 8p can occur by multiple whole-arm translocations, indicating a new pathway for the loss of a specific chromosome region in MM.

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