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Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 2000 Dec;78(6):656-9.

Prevalence of myopia in a sample of Greek students.

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1
Department of Epidemiology, Medical School, Aristoteles University of Thessaloniki, Greece. mavrakan@med.auth.gr

Abstract

PURPOSE:

An epidemiological study, concerning the prevalence of myopia among the student population (15-18 years old) of Northern Greece, was carried out.

METHODS:

Specific questionnaires were used in order to collect data on the refractive condition of students.

RESULTS:

Myopia prevalence was 36.8% and was found to be more common in females (46.0%) than in males (29.7%). The prevalence increased in students with myopic parents and myopic siblings. It was also found that myopia correlates strongly with nearwork and school performance.

CONCLUSION:

The study results suggest that myopia is a rather common refractive error in Greek students. Findings also indicate that myopia is probably hereditary and correlates with educational level, intelligence and excessive nearwork.

PMID:
11167226
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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