Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Vaccine. 2001 Feb 8;19(13-14):1694-700.

Novel use of anaerobically induced promoter, dmsA, for controlled expression of fragment C of tetanus toxin in live attenuated Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi strain CVD 908-htrA.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Center for Vaccine Development, 685 West Baltimore Street, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA. naorr@actcom.co.il

Abstract

The anaerobically induced promoter dmsA (PdmsA) was adapted to optimize in vivo expression of foreign antigens in attenuated Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi live vector vaccines CVD 908-htrA. PdmsA from Escherichia coli and two derivatives, PdmsA2 and PdmsA3 were cloned into a plasmid driving the expression of a gene encoding tetanus toxin fragment C. Expression of fragment C varied from a low level induced by pTETdmsA, to moderate and high levels induced, respectively, by pTETdmsA2 and pTETdmsA3. Mice were immunized intranasally with CVD 908-htrA harboring pTETdmsA2 or pTETdmsA3, and the serum antitoxin response was compared to that elicited by CVD 908-htrA(pTETnir15) (Pnir15 is a benchmark anaerobically activated promoter). S. Typhi carrying pTETdmsA2 elicited modest tetanus antitoxin titers while S. Typhi harboring pTETdmsA3 generated elevated titers (GMT=55384) that were higher than elicited by pTETnir15 (GMT=4354) (P=0.007). Mice immunized with CVD 908-htrA carrying pTETdmsA3 and pTETnir15 survived tetanus toxin challenge. P(dmsA) derivatives are attractive promoters for in vivo expression of foreign genes in attenuated live vector vaccines.

PMID:
11166893
DOI:
10.1016/s0264-410x(00)00400-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center