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Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2001 Apr;26(3):225-40.

Gender differences in age-related changes in HPA axis reactivity.

Author information

1
Division of Geriatrics, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1687, USA. tseeman@mednet.ucla.edu

Abstract

Possible differences between men and women in age-related patterns of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis response to challenge were examined to test the hypothesis that women show greater age-related increase in HPA axis reactivity to challenge. Twenty-six younger subjects, 9 men and 17 women, ages 22-26 and 14 older subjects, 7 men and 7 women, ages 67-88 participated in the study. Patterns of change in salivary "free" cortisol were measured in response to a standardized, 30-minute cognitive challenge, administered individually to each subject beginning at 1600 h. Consistent with previous research, there was a significant main effect for age with respect to baseline cortisol: older age was associated with higher baseline cortisol (P = <0.001). Results also provide support for the hypothesized age-by-gender interaction with respect to patterns of response to challenge. There was a significant interaction with respect to maximum percentage increase over baseline (P < 0.002): among younger adults, the men exhibited greater increases whereas among the older adults, the women exhibited greater increases. A similar, though only marginally significant pattern was seen for total area under the response curve (P = 0.07). Repeated measures ANOVA confirmed the gender-by-age differences in the patterns of response (P = 0.01 for time*age*gender interaction).

PMID:
11166486
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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