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Vision Res. 2001 Feb;41(4):507-19.

Dynamics of the accommodation response to abrupt changes in target vergence as a function of age.

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Vision Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow G4 0BA, UK.


The dynamic accommodation responses to small, abrupt changes in an accommodation stimulus were studied in two experiments. In the first, responses of 19 subjects with ages distributed between 18 and 49 years were measured for step stimuli of +/- 1.05 D. In the second, responses to small step stimuli (+/- 0.75, +/- 1.75 D) were recorded for a group of six 'young' (mean age 22, range 16-26 years) and six 'old' (mean age 42, range 36-48 years) subjects. In both experiments, the low target vergences always lay within the accommodation range of all subjects. Whether the data were analysed in terms of simple reaction and response times, or in terms of the frequency response, no marked systematic changes with age were found in the dynamics of the response in either of the experiments. It is concluded that, for small stimuli within the amplitude of accommodation, the response dynamics over the adult age range studied remain remarkably constant, even though the amplitude progressively reduces with age as complete presbyopia is approached.

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