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Am J Cardiol. 2001 Feb 1;87(3):320-3.

Prevalence of diastolic dysfunction in normotensive, asymptomatic patients with well-controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus.

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Department of Medicine, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 78229-3900, USA.


To evaluate the prevalence of left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus free of cardiovascular disease, we studied 86 normotensive men and women (mean age 46 +/- 6 years) with Doppler echocardiography. All subjects were asymptomatic for ischemic heart disease or heart failure. The traditional transmitral filling patterns were used to characterize diastolic physiology. The Valsalva maneuver was used to differentiate normal from pseudonormal LV filling pattern. All patients had a normal electrocardiogram at rest and a negative result on exercise echocardiography for inducible wall motion abnormalities. Global LV systolic function was normal (mean LV ejection fraction 58%, range 53% to 76%). Diastolic dysfunction was found in 41 subjects (47%) of which 26 (30%) had impaired relaxation and 15 (17%) had a pseudonormal filling pattern. The mean LV mass index was 101 g/m2 (range 86 to 122). All patients with a normal-filling physiology had gender-adjusted normal LV mass index (mean 93 +/- 11 g/m2), whereas 62% of those with either abnormal relaxation (mean 103 +/- 12 g/m2, p <0.001) or a pseudonormal pattern (mean 110 +/- 12 g/m2, p <0.001) had increased LV mass index. No subject in this cohort had restrictive diastolic physiology. In conclusion, diastolic dysfunction in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients is often found despite adequate metabolic control and freedom from clinically detectable heart disease. The Valsalva maneuver can unmask an additional 17% of patients with subclinical abnormal LV filling pattern, who otherwise would be classified as having a normal diastolic physiology. Increased LV mass index is closely associated with abnormal LV filling characteristics.

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