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Injury. 2001 Jan;32(1):1-3.

Mortality epidemiology in low-intensity warfare: Israel Defense Forces' experience.

Author information

1
Surgeon General Headquarters, Medical Corps, Israel Defense Forces, Military P.O. Box 27149, Israel.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

an analysis of the mortality epidemiology in low-intensity warfare.

BASIC PROCEDURES:

we retrospectively reviewed all cases of Israeli soldiers killed in small-scale warfare during 1996-1998, using field data, hospital charts and autopsy reports. Data on injury pattern, offending munitions and time of death were analyzed.

MAIN FINDINGS:

in the study period, 106 soldiers were killed. Penetrating trauma was the common injury mechanism (95%) most frequently due to claymore bombs and gunshot bullets. The percentage dying in the prehospital phase and in the first 30-min were 77 and 88%, respectively. The average injury severity score (ISS) was 42.5. Seriously injured body regions were thorax (38%), head (24%), abdomen and pelvis (13%) and neck (12%).

CONCLUSIONS:

there is no trimodal death distribution in military trauma. Most casualties of low-scale conflicts die very early after injury. Most fatal injuries involve the head and trunk regions. The distribution of injury depends on the type of assaulting munitions.

PMID:
11164393
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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