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Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2001 Jan;19(1):54-60.

Current perspectives of partial left ventriculectomy in the treatment of dilated cardiomyopathy.

Author information

1
Heart Institute (Incor), São Paulo University Medical School, Avenue Dr Enéas Carvalho Aguiar, 44, SP 05403-000, São Paulo, Brazil. dcimoreira@incor.usp.br

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Partial left ventriculectomy has been performed as an alternative to heart transplantation in the treatment of severe cardiomyopathies. This investigation documents the clinical and left ventricular (LV) function effects of this procedure, associated, when necessary, with mitral insufficiency correction, in 43 patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.

METHODS:

Eighteen patients were in New York Heart Association class III and 25 in class IV. Seven of them were operated in cardiogenic shock. The procedure was associated with mitral annuloplasty in 32 patients and mitral replacement in three.

RESULTS:

Nine patients (20.9%) died during the hospital period and the cause of death was associated with ventricular failure in seven patients. The other patients were followed up from 2 to 57 months (mean, 28.3 months). At 6 months of follow-up, eight patients were in functional class I, 13 in class II, three in class III and one patient was in class IV (P<0.001). On the other hand, nine patients died during the first 6 months and another six in the later postoperative period. The cause of late death was progressive heart failure in eight patients, and seven patients died because of arrhythmia related events. The actuarial survival was 58.1+/-7.5% at 1 year and 43.9+/-8.1% at 4 years of follow-up. Regarding ventricular function modifications, the LV diastolic volume decreased by around 25% and the LV ejection fraction increased from 17.8+/-4.7 to 22.3+/-7.9% (P<0.001), whereas significant changes in the cardiac index, stroke index and pulmonary pressures were also found 1 month after the operation. In the later follow-up, despite the maintenance of hemodynamic improvement, the LV diastolic volume tended to increase and returned to preoperative levels at 4 years, while a concomitant decrease in the LV ejection fraction was also observed.

CONCLUSION:

Partial left ventriculectomy associated with mitral insufficiency correction improves LV function and ameliorates congestive heart failure in patients with idiopathic cardiomyopathy. Otherwise, the LV function benefits seem to be restricted by the possibility of progressive LV redilatation. Furthermore, the clinical application of this procedure is limited by the high mortality observed in the first postoperative months and by the possibility of heart failure progression and arrhythmia related events at late follow-up.

PMID:
11163561
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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