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Immunity. 2001 Jan;14(1):69-79.

Mechanism of measles virus-induced suppression of inflammatory immune responses.

Author information

1
INSERM U503, CERVI, Immunobiologie Fondamentale et Clinique, 69365, Lyon, France.

Abstract

Measles virus (MV) causes profound immunosuppression, resulting in high infant mortality. The mechanisms are poorly understood, largely due to the lack of a suitable animal model. Here, we report that particular MV proteins, in the absence of MV replication, could generate a systemic immunosuppression in mice through two pathways: (1) via MV-nucleoprotein and its receptor FcgammaR on dendritic cells; and (2) via virus envelope glycoproteins and the MV-hemagglutinin cellular receptor, CD46. The effects comprise reduced hypersensitivity responses associated with impaired function of dendritic cells, decreased production of IL-12, and the loss of antigen-specific T cell proliferation. These results introduce a novel model for testing the immunosuppressive potential of anti-measles vaccines and reveal a specific mechanism of MV-induced modulation of inflammatory reactions.

PMID:
11163231
DOI:
10.1016/s1074-7613(01)00090-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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