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Curr Opin Cell Biol. 2001 Feb;13(1):76-84.

Actin dynamics and cell-cell adhesion in epithelia.

Author information

1
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Molecular Genetics and Cell Biology, The University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, Room N314, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.

Abstract

Recent advances in the field of intercellular adhesion highlight the importance of adherens junction association with the underlying actin cytoskeleton. In skin epithelial cells a dynamic feature of adherens junction formation involves filopodia, which physically project into the membrane of adjacent cells, catalyzing the clustering of adherens junction protein complexes at their tips. In turn, actin polymerization is stimulated at the cytoplasmic interface of these complexes. Although the mechanism remains unclear, the VASP/Mena family of proteins seems to be involved in organizing actin polymerization at these sites. In vivo, adherens junction formation appears to rely upon filopodia in processes where epithelial sheets must be physically moved closer to form stable intercellular connections, for example, in ventral closure in embryonic development or wound healing in the postnatal animal.

PMID:
11163137
DOI:
10.1016/s0955-0674(00)00177-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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