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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Feb 2;280(4):1161-8.

Effects of phosphotyrosine phosphatase inhibition on insulin secretion and intracellular signaling events in rat pancreatic islets.

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Lundberg Laboratory for Diabetes Research, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden.


Isolated rat pancreatic islets were incubated at 3.3 (low) and 16.7 (high) mM glucose with different concentrations of the phosphotyrosine phosphatase (PTP) inhibitor, peroxovanadate (pV). At low glucose, pV stimulated insulin secretion 2- to 4-fold, but it inhibited insulin secretion at 16.7 mM. The latter effect was not due to an inhibition of glucose metabolism, nor was it inhibited by pertussis toxin pretreatment. In addition, pV stimulated insulin secretion approximately 3-fold in depolarized cells at both low and high glucose. pV markedly increased the tyrosine phosphorylation of several proteins, including IRS-1 and -2, and also increased the phosphorylation of the downstream kinases PKB/Akt and MAPK. PKB/Akt, but not MAPK, was also phosphorylated in the absence of pV. Intracellular pV-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation, including that of IRS-2, was generally increased by high glucose suggesting a further inhibition of PTP and/or enhanced tyrosine kinase activity. Thus, these data suggest that intracellular tyrosine and serine (PKB/Akt) phosphorylation are related to insulin secretion but they do not support a unique and direct link between IRS-2 tyrosine phosphorylation and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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