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Mol Ther. 2001 Jan;3(1):28-35.

Sequestration of adenoviral vector by Kupffer cells leads to a nonlinear dose response of transduction in liver.

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1
Biogen, Inc., 12 Cambridge Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA.

Abstract

Systemic administration of a recombinant adenovirus encoding the human interferon-beta gene (H5.110CMVhIFN-beta) results in transduction of hepatocytes and detectable circulating levels of IFN-beta protein. In preclinical studies in mice, we noticed a distinctly nonlinear dose response, with low levels of virus (1-3 x 10(10) viral particles) yielding barely detectable levels of IFN-beta but with a higher viral dose (1 x 10(11) particles) resulting in disproportionately high IFN-beta levels. Further studies showed that transgene expression levels from low viral doses could be dramatically enhanced by coadministering an unrelated recombinant adenovirus (H5.110CMVlacZ), suggesting that there was a viral dose threshold effect for efficient viral transduction and/or IFN-beta expression. This enhancement of reporter expression by a nonreporter adenovirus, effective upon coadministration, was further enhanced by preadministration of H5.110CMVlacZ (up to 8 h), but was ineffective if the helper virus was administered as little as 5 min after the H5.110CMVhIFN-beta reporter virus. Our data suggest that the reticuloendothelial system plays a role in this threshold effect, such that low doses of virus are efficiently taken up by the RES/Kupffer cells without leading to appreciable transgene expression, whereas high doses saturate these cells and are able to productively transduce hepatocytes. A better understanding of this phenomenon could have an impact on gene therapy clinical trial safety and efficacy.

PMID:
11162308
DOI:
10.1006/mthe.2000.0227
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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