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Physiol Genomics. 2001 Jan 19;4(3):165-74.

Identification and characterization of a novel human vanilloid receptor-like protein, VRL-2.

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1
Genome Informatics and Analysis, Virology and Vaccine Systems, Ion Channel Section, Molecular Recognition, Molecular Genetics, Glaxo Wellcome Research and Development, Medicines Research Centre, Stevenage, Hertfordshire SG1 2NY, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Remarkable progress has been made recently in identifying a new gene family related to the capsaicin (vanilloid) receptor, VR1. Using a combination of in silico analysis of expressed sequence tag (EST) databases and conventional molecular cloning, we have isolated a novel vanilloid-like receptor, which we call VRL-2, from human kidney. The translated gene shares 46% and 43% identity with VR1 and VRL-1, respectively, and maps to chromosome 12q23-24.1, a locus associated with bipolar affective disorder. VRL-2 mRNA was most strongly expressed in the trachea, kidney, and salivary gland. An affinity-purified antibody against a peptide incorporating the COOH terminal of the receptor localized VRL-2 immunolabel in the distal tubules of the kidney, the epithelial linings of both trachea and lung airways, serous cells of submucosal glands, and mononuclear cells. Unlike VR1 and VRL-1, VRL-2 was not detected in cell bodies of dorsal root ganglia (DRG) or sensory nerve fibers. However, VRL-2 was found on sympathetic and parasympathetic nerve fibers, such as those innervating the arrector pili smooth muscle in skin, sweat glands, intestine, and blood vessels. At least four vanilloid receptor-like genes exist, the newest member, VRL-2 is found in airway and kidney epithelia and in the autonomic nervous system.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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