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J Immunol. 2001 Feb 1;166(3):1863-70.

The binding subunit of pertussis toxin inhibits HIV replication in human macrophages and virus expression in chronically infected promonocytic U1 cells.

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1
AIDS Immunopathogenesis Unit, Department of Biology and Technology, and Laboratory of Clinical Immunology, Division of Infectious Diseases, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy. massimo.alfano@hsr.it

Abstract

We have recently shown that the binding subunit of pertussis toxin (PTX-B) inhibits the entry and replication of macrophage-tropic (R5) HIV-1 strains in activated primary T lymphocytes. Furthermore, PTX-B suppressed the replication of T cell-tropic (X4) viruses at a postentry level in the same cells. In this study we demonstrate that PTX-B profoundly impairs entry and replication of the HIV-1(ADA) (R5), as well as of HIV pseudotyped with either murine leukemia virus or vesicular stomatitis virus envelopes, in primary monocyte-derived macrophages. In addition, PTX-B strongly inhibited X4 HIV-1 replication in U937 promonocytic cells and virus expression in the U937-derived chronically infected U1 cell line stimulated with cytokines such as TNF-alpha and IL-6. Of interest, TNF-alpha-mediated activation of the cellular transcription factor NF-kappaB was unaffected by PTX-B. Therefore, PTX-B may represent a novel and potent inhibitor of HIV-1 replication to be tested for efficacy in infected individuals. In support of this proposition, a genetically modified mutant of PTX (PT-9K/129G), which is safely administered for prevention of Bordetella pertussis infection, showed an in vitro anti-HIV profile superimposable to that of PTX-B.

PMID:
11160233
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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