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Glycobiology. 2000 Dec;10(12):1271-5.

Phosphatidylethanolamine is the donor of the phosphorylethanolamine linked to the alpha1,4-linked mannose of yeast GPI structures.

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Institute of Biochemistry, University of Fribourg, CH-1700 Fribourg, Switzerland.


Glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchors of all species contain the core structure protein-CO-NH-(CH(2))(2)-PO(4)-Manalpha1-2Manalpha1-6Manalpha1-4GlcNalpha1-6inositol-PO(4)-lipid. In recent studies in yeast it was found that gpi10-1 mutants accumulate M2, an abnormal intermediate having the structure Manalpha1-6[NH(2)-(CH(2))(2)-PO(4)-->]Manalpha1-4GlcNalpha1-6(acyl-->)inositol-PO(4)-lipid. It thus was realized that yeast GPI lipids, as their mammalian counterparts, contain an additional phosphorylethanolamine side chain on the alpha1,4-linked mannose. The biosynthetic origin of this phosphorylethanolamine group was investigated using gpi10-1 Deltaept1 Deltacpt1, a strain which is unable to synthesize phosphatidylethanolamine by transferring phosphorylethanolamine from CDP-ethanolamine onto diacylglycerol, but which still can make phosphatidylethanolamine by decarboxylation of phosphatidylserine. Gpi10-1 Deltaept1 Deltacpt1 triple mutants are unable to incorporate [(3)H]ethanolamine into M2 although metabolic labeling with [(3)H]inositol demonstrates that they make as much M2 as gpi10-1. In contrast, when labeled with [(3)H]serine, the triple mutant incorporates more label into M2 than gpi10-1. This result establishes that the phosphorylethanolamine group on the alpha1,4-linked mannose is derived from phosphatidylethanolamine and not from CDP-ethanolamine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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