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Genes Dev. 2001 Feb 1;15(3):286-93.

A murine tumor progression model for pancreatic cancer recapitulating the genetic alterations of the human disease.

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Department of Internal Medicine I, University of Ulm, 89081 Ulm, Germany.


This study describes a tumor progression model for ductal pancreatic cancer in mice overexpressing TGF-alpha. Activation of Ras and Erk causes induction of cyclin D1-Cdk4 without increase of cyclin E or PCNA in ductal lesions. Thus, TGF-alpha is able to promote progression throughout G1, but not S phase. Crossbreeding with p53 null mice accelerates tumor development in TGF-alpha transgenic mice dramatically. In tumors developing in these mice, biallelic deletion of Ink4a/Arf or LOH of the Smad4 locus is found suggesting that loci in addition to p53 are involved in antitumor activities. We conclude that these genetic events are critical for pancreatic tumor formation in mice. This model recapitulates pathomorphological features and genetic alterations of the human disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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