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Gastroenterology. 2001 Feb;120(2):506-11.

Gallbladder muscle dysfunction in patients with chronic acalculous disease.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Rhode Island Hospital and Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

The mechanisms responsible for the abnormalities of gallbladder emptying in patients with chronic acalculous gallbladder disease (AGD) have not been elucidated. This study was designed to determine whether a muscle defect could explain this gallbladder dysfunction.

METHODS:

Gallbladder contraction induced by a continuous intravenous cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) infusion was determined by ultrasonography in control subjects, patients with AGD, pigment stones, and cholesterol stones. Muscle cells were obtained by enzymatic digestion. (125)I-CCK-8 binding and [(35)S]guanosine triphosphate gamma S (GTP gamma S) binding studies were performed.

RESULTS:

In vivo gallbladder contraction induced by CCK-8 was significantly lower in AGD (29.4%) and cholesterol stones (28.8%) than in pigment stones (59.8%) and normal controls (57.8%; P < 0.01). In vitro muscle cell contraction induced by CCK-8 was also lower in AGD than in pigment stones. It remained impaired in AGD after stimulation with the G-protein activators GTP gamma S and AlF(4) and with the second messenger 1,2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol. However, GTP gamma S binding induced by CCK-8 and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide and the binding capacity of CCK receptors were not different between AGD and pigment stones.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings suggest that there is a good correlation between in vivo and in vitro gallbladder response to CCK-8 in patients with AGD. Unlike those found in cholesterol stones, the muscle defects in AGD appear to reside in the contractile apparatus.

PMID:
11159891
DOI:
10.1053/gast.2001.21190
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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