Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Pathol. 2001 Feb;158(2):735-43.

Expression levels of genes that regulate metastasis and angiogenesis correlate with advanced pathological stage of renal cell carcinoma.

Author information

Department of Urology, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.


We examined the expression levels of a number of metastasis-related genes to determine the relationship of these levels to the development of metastasis in renal cell carcinoma. Gene expression was examined in 46 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded, archival specimens of primary organ-confined, clear-cell, renal cell carcinoma from patients who had undergone radical nephrectomy. Twenty samples were from patients who did not have metastasis after a median of 48 months; 26 were from patients with either synchronous or metachronous metastases. Microvessel density was assessed by anti-CD-34 immunohistochemical analysis. The expression levels of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), interleukin-8 (IL-8), matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and -9, and E-cadherin were examined at the periphery of the tumor by a colorimetric in situ mRNA. The expression levels of bFGF, VEGF, IL-8, MMP-2, and MMP-9 were significantly higher in primary renal tumors from patients with either synchronous or metachronous metastases than those who were disease-free at a median of 48 months of follow-up. Multivariate analysis of disease-free survival showed that the ratio of MMP-9 to E-cadherin (P = 0.012) and the expression level of bFGF expression (P = 0.045), were independent predictors for the development of metastases. The expression levels of bFGF, VEGF, and IL-8 did not correlate with microvessel density, which in itself was not a significant predictor of progression (P = 0.21). In summary, expression levels of genes that regulate metastasis angiogenesis can predict the metastatic potential in individual patients with organ-confined clear-cell renal carcinoma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center