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Hum Mol Genet. 2001 Feb 15;10(4):415-21.

A mutation in periaxin is responsible for CMT4F, an autosomal recessive form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.

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INSERM U289, Hôpital de la Salpêtrière, 47 Boulevard de l'Hôpital, Paris, France.


Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is a heterogeneous group of inherited peripheral motor and sensory neuropathies characterized by chronic distal weakness with progressive muscular atrophy and sensory loss in the distal extremities. Inheritance can be autosomal dominant, X-linked or autosomal recessive (ARCMT). Recently, a locus responsible for a demyelinating form of ARCMT disease, named CMT4F, has been mapped on 19q13 in a large consanguineous Lebanese family. L- and S-periaxin are proteins of myelinating Schwann cells and homozygous periaxin-null mice display extensive demyelination of myelinated fibers in the peripheral nervous system, which suggests that the periaxin gene is a good candidate gene for an ARCMT disease. The human gene encoding the periaxins (PRX) was mapped to 19q13, in the CMT4F candidate interval. After characterizing the human PRX gene, we identified a nonsense R196X mutation in the Lebanese family which cosegregated with CMT. Histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis of a sural nerve biopsy of one patient revealed common features with the mouse mutant and the absence of L-periaxin from the myelin sheath. These data confirm the importance of the periaxin proteins to normal Schwann cell function and substantiate the utility of the periaxin-null mouse as a model of ARCMT disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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