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FASEB J. 2001 Feb;15(2):291-3. Epub 2000 Dec 8.

Effects of dietary calcium on adipocyte lipid metabolism and body weight regulation in energy-restricted aP2-agouti transgenic mice.

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The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-1900, USA.


We have demonstrated previously a regulatory role for intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) in adipocyte lipogenesis and lipolysis and have recently reported that 1,25-(OH)2-D increases adipocyte [Ca2+]i, which causes increased lipogenesis and decreased lipolysis. We have now tested the hypothesis that suppressing 1,25-(OH)2-D by increasing dietary calcium will suppress adipocyte [Ca2+]i, thereby facilitating weight loss by stimulating lipolysis and inhibiting lipogenesis in calorically (Kcal)-restricted (70% of ad lib) aP2-agouti transgenic (aP2-a) mice. Mice (aP2-a) exhibiting a pattern of obesity gene expression similar to humans were fed a low-Ca (0.4%)/high-fat/high-sucrose diet for six weeks, resulting in a 27% and twofold increase in body weight and total fat pad mass, respectively, with a twofold increase in adipocyte [Ca2+]i pad lib or Kcal-restricted (70% of ad lib) on this diet either unsupplemented (basal) or with 25% or 50% of the protein replaced by non-fat dry milk (medium or high) dairy or supplemented with CaCO3 to 1.2% Ca for six weeks. Adipocyte [Ca2+]i was unaffected by Kcal restriction but was reduced markedly by all three high Ca diets (290 vs. 130 nM, p2+]i and thereby reduce energy storage and increase thermogenesis during Kcal restriction.

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